Mixed Reality for Robotic-Assisted Gastrointestinal Surgeries - Mixed Reality for Robotic-Assisted Gastrointestinal Surgeries -
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Mixed Reality for Robotic-Assisted Gastrointestinal Surgeries

Mixed Reality for Robotic-Assisted Gastrointestinal Surgeries

Mixed Reality for Robotic-Assisted Gastrointestinal Surgeries

Robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) is developing an increasing role in surgical practice. Use of RAS in Gastrointestinal surgeries is slowly replacing laparoscopic surgeries. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance to introduce this paradigm into surgical training programs as well. However, the steep learning curve of RAS remains a problem that hinders the development and widespread use of this surgical paradigm. In RAS, the surgeons operate using a stereoscopic console. Therefore, it is necessary to perform RAS training stereoscopically where an MR application is used because it can display real stereoscopic content and augment it with virtual elements (annotations) properly registered in 3D and tracked over time.

MR technology-Carving out newer set of surgeons

MR tool is interactive, highly dynamic and collaborative. It works on web technology and low-cost hardware, making it almost universally accessible, and it can reproduce the RAS videos in an MR environment, because the tool allows the surgical videos to be enhanced with virtual annotations, increasing their teaching value.

The term Mixed Reality refers to those applications that allow the creation of environments in which real and virtual objects are combined within a single display. The tool mainly displays real information in the form of video material.

Regarding procedure training, the use of MR or VR in robotic surgery is also not new. There are VR-based simulators that include software modules to train specific surgical procedures, besides basic robotic skills. However, the availability of surgical procedures and the fidelity of the simulation is still limited. Therefore, the use of videos to show real surgical procedures is still important. Extending the analysis to other use cases, the spectrum of applications of MR to RAS is large, with many examples. However, most of these applications are designed for surgical guidance, surgery planning, port placement, or skill training. The use of MR for procedure training is somewhat limited.

Mixed reality (MR) technology has shown significant promise in various fields, including healthcare and surgery. When applied to robotic-assisted gastrointestinal surgeries, MR can enhance surgical precision, improve training, and offer new opportunities for remote collaboration and assistance.

Surgeons can use MR to visualize and plan the surgery more effectively. By overlaying 3D models of the patient’s anatomy onto their field of view, surgeons can better understand the patient’s unique anatomy and identify potential challenges before the surgery even begins. This helps in creating a more personalized surgical plan.

During surgery, MR can provide real-time navigation assistance. By superimposing the preoperative plan onto the surgeon’s view, it helps them follow the planned path and locate critical structures with precision. This can be particularly helpful in complex gastrointestinal surgeries where the surgeon’s view is enhanced by overlaying important information like vital signs, instrument status, and patient data directly onto their field of vision. This minimizes distractions and allows the surgeon to focus more on the surgical task at hand.

MR technology can enable remote experts to join the surgery virtually. This can be invaluable for consultations or guidance from specialists who may not be physically present in the operating room. Remote experts can view the surgical field in real-time and offer guidance or assistance as needed. This feature helps in training new surgeons in robotic-assisted procedures. Trainees can wear MR headsets to observe surgeries from the surgeon’s perspective, providing a more immersive and educational experience.

MR can be used to educate patients about their upcoming surgery. Surgeons can show patients a 3D model of their anatomy and explain the procedure in a visual and interactive way, helping patients better understand what to expect.

It’s important to note that while MR technology holds great potential, its adoption in healthcare, especially in surgical settings, should consider factors like patient safety, regulatory compliance, and the need for rigorous training of medical professionals. Additionally, the availability of MR hardware and software, as well as the cost considerations, may impact its widespread adoption in healthcare institutions.

Conclusion

To sum-up, mixed reality has the potential to revolutionize robotic-assisted gastrointestinal surgeries by providing surgeons with enhanced visualization, navigation, collaboration, and training capabilities, ultimately improving patient outcomes and safety. However, its implementation should be carefully planned and integrated into existing surgical workflows. AR VR solutions, a comprehensive solution provider is into the updated technology.

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